WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR CANCER?
Doctors treat cancer based on the type of cancer, its stage at the time of diagnosis, and the person's overall health. The various methods for treating cancer involve using drugs that target rapidly dividing cells. These drugs aim to destroy cancer cells Medications can also help reduce the size of tumors. Some side effects of chemotherapy can be very severe. Hormone therapy is taking medications that change the way certain hormones work or interfere with the body's ability to produce them. Hormonal therapy is used to treat breast, prostate, and reproductive system cancers by changing the amount of hormones in the body.
Immunotherapy, one of the next-generation therapeutic approaches to cancer disease, aims to activate the immune system and allow the body to overcome cancer on its own. Immunotherapy, which has fewer side effects than chemotherapy and targeted smart therapies, creates a memory in immune cells, which helps better, long-term and lasting responses to occur. Radiation therapy is a medical practice that uses high doses of radiation to kill cancerous cells. Doctors may also recommend radiation therapy to shrink the tumor or reduce tumor-related symptoms before surgery.
A stem cell transplant can be useful, especially for people with blood-related cancers such as leukemia or lymphoma.
A surgical procedure for treating cancer is part of the treatment plan. For example, the surgeon may remove the lymph nodes to reduce or prevent the spread of the disease.
Targeted therapies work to prevent the growth of cancerous cells. They can also help strengthen the immune system. Two types of treatments are small molecules drugs and monoclonal antibodies. These treatments are either conducted alone or in combination. First line of treatment is usually known as first line of treatment. After the first line of treatment, a subsequent treatment is called adjuvant therapy. As a matter of fact, chemotherapy is an adjuvant therapy that is performed after a surgical procedure. The treatment that is applied before the first line of treatment is also called neoadjuvant therapy.