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​EFFECTS OF DRINKING WATER ON HEALTH:What is the role of water in our life? About 60% of the human body consists of water. The proper functioning of all cell and organ systems in our body is dependent on water.

This; It plays a role in regulating body temperature, transporting nutrients to cells and removing waste products from metabolism.
How much water do we need?
All day long; we lose water through respiration, perspiration, urine and intestines. Therefore, environmental and physical factors determine our water needs, and water needs vary from person to person. For example, as water loss will decrease by sweating in winter months, water requirement will be less compared to summer months. Although there are different opinions about the daily water need, it is generally recommended to consume 2-2.5 liters of water per day.
What are the symptoms that occur when you do not drink enough water?
The first symptom that occurs when not drinking enough water is the feeling of thirst. Due to the weakening of the sense of thirst in the elderly, the need to take water may not be noticed and a picture of water deficiency can easily develop in the body. In cases where body water decreases, a picture called dehydration occurs. In this case, various symptoms are seen: Headache, weakness, fatigue, poor concentration, dryness of the mouth and nose, darkening of the urine color, and hallucinations and confusion in the advanced stage.
What are the factors that increase our daily water needs?
The amount of fluid to be taken in a day depends on how active you are, the temperature of your environment, and your general health. If you are exercising or in an activity that will cause you to sweat, your need for water will increase. 400-600 ml of extra water will be needed for a short-term moderate-intensity exercise. This need increases with longer and more intense exercises. A hot and humid environment will increase sweating and increase the need for water. Except those; In cases such as fever, diarrhea, and vomiting, water loss will increase and there will be a need to drink more water. Pregnancy and lactation periods are also situations where water intake should be increased. Because; It is recommended that pregnant women consume 2.5 liters of fluid per day, and lactating mothers 3 liters per day.
In which situations should it be recommended to drink a lot of water? Are there any downsides to drinking too much water?
In cases where the body loses water (such as fever, diarrhea, vomiting), it is important to replace it. Apart from such situations, people who need to increase their water intake are patients with kidney stones. In order to prevent the formation of new stones and facilitate their excretion, 2.5-3 liters of water should be taken, with a daily urine amount not less than 2 liters. Drinking less water in people who are prone to kidney stone formation facilitates kidney stone formation. Despite that; Consuming excessive amounts of water is harmful in patients with chronic kidney failure and can cause a dangerous picture called hyponatremia, which can lead to brain edema. The same is true for patients with heart failure.
What is the effect of drinking less water on the kidneys?
Kidneys are organs that provide water and electrolyte balance in our body, regulate blood pressure and secrete various hormones. Water is important for the functioning of the kidneys. Sufficient amount of water should be taken to remove the waste products formed in the body through urine. Drinking less water will facilitate urinary tract infections, kidney stone formation and the development of electrolyte disorders.

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