Cigarettes and other tobacco products are responsible for 30% of all cancer deaths. The rate of lung cancer development in smokers is 20 times higher than in non-smokers. About 90 percent of deaths from lung cancers are cigarette-related. Cancers of the oral cavity, head and neck region, vocal cords, urinary bladder and tracts, and pancreatic cancer are also directly related to tobacco use. The risk of breast cancer also increases in smokers.
Consume alcohol in moderation
Although alcohol is not a direct carcinogen, it can also cause cancers of the upper respiratory tract, mouth and esophagus in those who use tobacco products. Especially hard drinks with a high degree of alcohol, tissue degradation develops faster when they combine with carcinogens in tobacco. Primary liver cancer can also develop on the background of alcoholic cirrhosis. Although it cannot be left, it is necessary to prefer drinks such as beer and wine in small quantities and with low alcohol.
Do not gain weight, do not consume animal proteins, smoked and canned foods
It is necessary not to gain weight, to try to maintain the ideal weight, to avoid fatty and high-calorie foods, to consume animal proteins and especially red meat sparingly. It should be avoided from smoked meat products that have been cooked for a long time in salt, products that have been charred by barbecuing over high heat, and canned foods with added nitrite preservatives. Animal proteins with fat and high calories increase the risk of breast, colon, uterus and colon cancer. High-fiber foods, vegetables, fruits and cereals, on the other hand, reduce the risk of cancer. In cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli, onions and garlic, which contain allium compounds, have an intense anti-carcinogenic effect. Especially in dark green leafy vegetables, fruits of yellow and dark red colors, green and black tea, there are strong anti-carcinogenic substances. It is known that 300 mg of salicylic acid daily reduces the risk of colon cancer.
Protect yourself from the sun and radiation
Solar ultraviolet radiation increases the risk of skin cancers such as malignant melanoma, squamous cell cancer and basal cell cancer. The carcinogenic effect causes direct damage to the DNA of skin cells. Ultraviolet rays lead to gene mutations, causing cancer. The risk of leukemia in children exposed to ionizing radiation for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes is higher than in the normal population. Nowadays, using new technologies in computed tomography, the shooting time is shortened and the radiation exposure is reduced by 5-10 times. Nevertheless, it is necessary to avoid unnecessary and too frequent shootings. In magnetic resonance imaging, there is no demonstrated risk.
Choose and control the environment in which you live well
Attention should be paid to the absence of asbestosis in the living environment, soil and building. In some geographical regions, mesetelioma cancer of the lung, lung membrane and abdominal membrane is observed due to asbestos in the soil. Asbestos, which is used for insulation purposes in old buildings, continues to exist as a hazard, and asbestos exposure is growing during the reconstruction of buildings.
Get vaccinated to protect against biological carcinogens
The hepatitis B virus can cause chronic liver disease and liver cancer. As a hepatitis B vaccine, it is possible to completely get rid of liver cancer. Cervical cancer is created by a virus called HPV. Starting from the years when sexual life begins, it is also protected against this cancer by being vaccinated at an early age. Helicobacter pylori (HP), a bacterium that lives in the stomach, can cause chronic gastritis and gastric lymphoma. When HP gastritis is detected, it should be treated with appropriate antibiotics.
Move, lose weight
Obesity and obesity after menopause are a serious risk factor for breast cancer. Regular exercises and physical activities such as walking, light sports reduce the risk of breast and colon cancer. As a result of the fact that the age of the first period in the USA is gradually shifting to a very early age and the age of menopause remains at an older age, there is an increase in breast cancer cases, therefore, national programs are being implemented aimed at delaying the first menstrual age by giving exercise-free programs to children.
Sleep at least 8 hours a day
Immune hormones increase during sleep, immune cells rest. If an uninterrupted deep sleep, regular nutrition, a peaceful family life away from stress, getting fun hobbies outside the work environment and a good friendly environment are supported by regular physical activity, the optimal environment is provided to protect against cancer.
Take early diagnosis seriously
A check-up should be done at least once a year. To go to the doctor, it is absolutely necessary not to wait for getting sick and the symptoms of the disease. When the symptoms of the disease begin and force a person to consult a doctor, it is too late for many cancers. Pap smear for cervical cancer every year for breast cancer between the ages of 40 and 50 age 2 years, then a year will be held mammographic screenings, colonoscopy and fecal occult blood analysis over the age of 50, smokers with lung cancer in computed tomography scans treatable in its early stages, you may be able to catch it.