The other is white blood cells. Red blood cells are more numerous than white blood cells. The main task of red blood cells is to carry oxygen to our body.
There is one white blood cell in the human body for every 600-700 red blood cells. The task of white blood cells is to defend our health against diseases. White blood cells, which are one of the building blocks of our immune system, fight against bacteria, viruses or antigens seen in our body and regulate our allergic reactions. A weakening of your immune system means that the white blood cells in your body are reduced. The portion of our white blood cells between 2-4 out of 10 consists of LYM, that is, lymphocytes.
What Should Be the LYM Value in the Blood?
The normal number of lymphocytes that should be present in the human body varies according to age. In the tests performed, the unit of measurement is used as a microliter. An adult human has between 4,500-10,000 white blood cells per microliter.. The normal white blood cell for adults should be 1 percent of the total blood volume. 2,500 microliters determines the lower limit, while the upper level for white blood cells is above 30,000 microliters.
Now let's come to the answer to the question of what should be the LYM value in the blood ... There are some variables in the lymphocyte values. Race, gender, habits affect this value. In an adult and healthy person, each microliter of blood should contain between 1000-4,800 microliters of LYM, i.e. lymphocyte value cells. In healthy children, on the other hand, in one microliter of bloodthis value may be slightly higher, for example, 3,000 – 9,500. there must be lymphocytes between them. Decongestant.
Low LYM (Lymphocyte)
To be able to talk about low lymphocytes in adults, a value below 1000 microliters should be measured. In children, a value below 3000 is called a low lymphocyte count.
LYM (Lymphocyte) Height
A measurement of more than 4,800 microliters of lymphocytes of the measurement result in an adult individual means lymphocyte height. In children, on the other hand, a value above 9,500 microliters indicates a high amount of lymphocytes. A higher or lower value of these values, which we are talking about in both adults and children, indicates a health problem.
Ailments That Cause a High Number of Lymphocytes
High lymphocyte measurement result may be caused by some discomfort. We can list the possible ailments as follows:
* Viral infections, including measles, mumps and mononucleosis, popularly known as kiss Decease,
* Brucellosis, also popularly known Decently as Mediterranean or Maltese Fever,
* Gemlen vasculitis, which means inflammation in the blood vessels,
* Acute lymphocytic leukemia,
* Chronic lymphocytic leukemia,
* HIV and AIDS.
Ailments That Cause a Low Number of Lymphocytes
Lymphocytopenia Possible disorders that cause low lymphocyte measurement, called lymphopenia, can be listed as follows:
* Blood diseases similar to Hodgkin's lymphoma,
* Infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, AIDS and viral hepatitis,
* Steroid use,
• Some rare hereditary diseases: Ataxia telangiectasia, DiGeorge anomaly
* Autoimmune disorders such as lupus, also known popularly as butterfly Decease,
* Radiation and chemotherapy treatments,
* Severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome.
Despite the high or low lymphocyte values that occur after measuring your blood values, you may not have any complaints. This condition mainly reveals that your problem is caused by an infection or an unusual effect, and after a short time your values will return to normal.
If your lymphocyte count remains at very high or very low levels for long periods of time, this may indicate a predominantly underlying health condition.
Types of Lymphocytes
The place where lymphocytes are formed in our body is our marrow, which is located in our bones. There are three types of lymphocytes called B cells, T cells and killer cells. The task of B cells is to produce antibodies. These antibodies fight against viruses, bacteria and similar antigens that enter our body, and B cells allow us to become immune to it after suffering a disease. .
T cells, on the other hand, are formed by the maturation of B cells produced in the marrow, which go to the lymph node to the organ called the thymus located in the chest cavity, where their development matures. The task of T cells is to inform the cells in our immune system about the situation against pathogens in our body.
Killer cells, the last type of lymphocyte, target diseased cells that have been affected by viruses or tumors. They do not harm healthy cells while killing diseased cells. 80 percent of the lymphocytes in our body are made up of T cells, 10 percent are made up of B cells, and the remaining 10 percent are made up of killer cells.
In the meantime, some factors can also cause your lymphocyte values to be higher and lower than necessary without being due to a Decease. We can list the situations that will affect the values of your blood test as follows:
* Undergoing chemotherapy,
• Have had an operation recently,
• High stress level,
* Using steroids,
* Being an HIV patient,
* Undergoing radiation therapy.
If you are experiencing one of these conditions, you should inform your doctor before the blood test.
How is the Lymphocyte Test Performed?
Different blood tests may be preferred to measure the amount of lymphocytes in the blood:
* Complete blood count,
* Current cytometry.
With a complete blood count test, red cells, white cells, hemoglobin, platelets (cells that clot blood) and hemotocrit (the ratio of red cells to plasma) in the blood are measured. You don't need to be hungry before going for a complete blood count.
Flow cytometry, another method used to measure the amount of lymphocytes in the blood, is a more detailed test. In this test, the types of lymphocytes in the blood, whether they come from a common root (such as blood cancers), and the amount of lymphocytes that are different from each other can be measured.