This is actually called vasculitis in medical language. Kawasaki syndrome is a type of vasculitis disease. The resulting inflammation tends to affect the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle.
Kawasaki disease is one of the most common vascular inflammations in childhood. Especially in children aged 5-6 years; It is a disease lasting more than 3 days, manifested by symptoms of high fever, rash, redness in the mouth, tongue and eyes. The most effective cause of the disease is viruses.
What Causes Kawasaki Disease?
Although the cause of Kawasaki disease has not been fully elucidated; Factors such as viruses, familial predisposition, exposure to chemicals are thought to be effective in the emergence of the disease. Although it is known that the cause is related to some factors, Kawasaki syndrome is not a preventable disease. In addition, the disease can recur, albeit very rarely.
It is more common in boys than girls. Looking at the research results in recent years, it has been stated that the disease is more common in spring and early winter.
What are Kawasaki Disease Treatment Methods?
To minimize the risk of complications, it is necessary to start treatment as soon as possible. The goal of initial treatment is to reduce fever and inflammation, as well as to prevent heart damage.
In Kawasaki syndrome, initial treatment is usually done in the hospital because of the possible risk of serious complications. After the first treatment, the treatment plan will be shaped according to the situation.
If the child develops a coronary artery aneurysm, he or she will need to continue on anticoagulant medication for at least 6 weeks. If your child has the flu or chickenpox during treatment, such drugs should be discontinued immediately.
An untreated case of Kawasaki syndrome lasts approximately 12 days, but longer if cardiac complications have occurred. If the child has heart problems, it is necessary to check and follow up at regular intervals.
These treatments can be used in children who have had a coronary artery aneurysm:
Anticoagulant drugs: Used to prevent the formation of clots.
Coronary artery angioplasty: It is the method used to open narrowed arteries.
Stent placement: Placement of a device called a stent in order to open the occluded vessels and prevent their subsequent occlusion.
Coronary artery bypass graft: To build a pathway for blood to recirculate around a clogged or nearly occluded diseased coronary artery, along with a vessel to be taken from the leg, chest, or arm.
What Should Be Considered After Kawasaki Syndrome Treatment?
If a child who has had Kawasaki syndrome has been treated, he or she should wait 11 months before getting the chickenpox or measles vaccine. The treatments administered to the patient affect the immune response to these vaccines.