Diagnosing Scoliosis in Children
Scoliosis disease, for which early diagnosis is very important, is usually diagnosed through various tests.
In the first step, the "forward bending test" is used. Accordingly, the patient, standing straight, clasps his palms together and leans forward so that his arms are swinging towards the ground. If one side of the back is higher when viewed from the front, there is a possibility of scoliosis. Along with this test, if the doctor notices an imbalance in the rib area, they can use a scoliometer to determine the size of the hump. This is a painless and simple test. In addition, by measuring the length of the legs, the size of the imbalance in the spine is determined.
The doctor may also want to measure the patient's degree of flexion and spinal rotation movements.
In order to make a definitive diagnosis of the disease, x-rays are requested to see the anterior and lateral parts of the spine. In more severe cases, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is important for diagnosis. The purpose of imaging is to see at what rate and at what points the curvature affects the spine. Only in this way can a special treatment plan be created.
Curves from 25 degrees to 30 degrees after imaging require treatment, while curves from 45 degrees to 50 degrees are considered severe cases.