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What are sexually transmitted diseases?

What are sexually transmitted diseases?The duration of symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases and the symptoms that occur vary depending on many factors, such as the type of transmission, the duration of transmission, the type of microorganism, the intensity of the exposed agent and the immune status of the person.

Infections caused by these factors, if left untreated, can become chronic and cause continuous recurrent infections, as well as some of them can lead to serious chronic health problems (as with HIV and HCV infections). In multiple partners, it can also cause continuous repeated transmission of infection.
When no precautions are taken, it is possible to list common sexually transmitted diseases as follows;
* Gonorrhea (Gonorrhea)
* Syphilis (Syphilis)
* Urethritis (Chlamydia, Mycoplasma/Ureaplasma)
* Wart (Condyloma=HPV)
* Herpes (Herpes infection=HSV)
• Hepatitis (Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C viruses)
* AIDS (HIV infection)
* Trichomoniasis

How are sexually transmitted diseases transmitted?

There are three main ways of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases:
• After mixing body secretions such as sperm, vaginal secretions, saliva, blood during unprotected sexual intercourse
* Surgical procedures such as surgery, tooth extraction, nail extraction, blood and blood products transfusion and careless sterilization / cleaning in cosmetic care procedures such as manicure/pedicure
* Transition from mother to baby during the pregnancy of the sick mother or during childbirth

What are the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases?

Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases manifest differently. In infections caused by bacteria (such as gonorrhea, urethritis), there are complaints such as discharge, burning in the urine, itching in the urinary tract, which usually begin 2-3 days after infection. This infection is usually not accompanied by fever. People with low immunity may rarely have high fever, swelling and pain in the testicles if microorganisms reach the prostate or testicle and affect these organs. In women, complaints such as discharge, burning, itching may occur in the vagina. There may also be non-menstrual bleeding. Herpes (Herpes) lesions manifest themselves in the genital area in the form of painful small blisters filled with water. These lesions usually spread smoothly along a nerve line.
Warts are fluffy, painless, brown lesions from the body. It can vary from small millimeter sizes to very large cauliflower-like giant sizes. It can be in any region where male or female secretions drip onto the body, mainly in the genital area. Syphilis (Syphilis) is a disease that manifests itself at different stages. It occurs with a wound on the penis in the early period. It forms a painful, bleeding lesion.
Viral diseases, on the other hand, have a more chronic course. With a general condition disorder, it gives systemic manifestations. This disease is diagnosed by blood tests. In general, symptoms such as muscle and joint pain, headache, diarrhea, nausea/vomiting can also be monitored .

What are the ways to protect yourself from sexually transmitted diseases?
The priority of protection from sexually transmitted diseases is protected sexual intercourse. People who have more than one partner should definitely use condoms during sexual intercourse. In addition, regular control is also important. In men, the presence of HPV-style lesions can be checked for the presence of urological examination and blood tests for hepatitis and HIV. In the same way, women should be evaluated with regular gynecological examinations and vaginal smears and blood tests.

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