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Osteoporosis (Bone Loss)

Osteoporosis (Bone Loss)Osteoporosis, also known as osteoporosis; It is a disease that increases the probability of bone fracture due to the decrease in calcium in the bone structure.

According to the data of the Turkish Osteoporosis Society; It is seen in one of every three women over the age of 50 (more than breast cancer) and in one of 5 men over the age of 50 (more than prostate cancer). On the other hand, it is reported that this disease causes 1.5 million fractures in the United States each year.

What Are the Symptoms of Osteoporosis?
The most common symptom of osteoporosis is pain in the spine and back. The cause of these pains is explained as micro-fractures in the weakened bone. There are many fractures in the bones at the microscopic level. These fractures are immediately repaired with new bone tissue made by the body. However, this metabolic event comes to a standstill in osteoporosis. In this case, micro-fractures grow and cause macro-fractures. Symptoms of osteoporosis include; low back pain and back pain, shortening in height, hunching and especially sensitive fractures.

What is the Diagnosis Process of Osteoporosis?
The diagnosis of osteoporosis is made according to the data obtained by the method called Dual Energy X Ray Absorbtiometry (DEXA) and fractures. By measuring bone mineral density with DEXA; Information can be obtained on helping the diagnosis, obtaining information about possible fractures, and monitoring the natural course of the disease.

What are the Ways to Prevent Osteoporosis?
If the bone with osteoporosis is supported by the muscles, if the hip, back and waist muscles are strengthened by regular movement, even if the patient is old or with osteoporosis, it can play a role in reducing the fracture.
In order for the bone to resist fractures, a healthy muscle tissue and nervous system is needed that protects and activates that bone. For all this, bone stores need to be replenished with calcium, so vitamin D is very important. The biggest source of vitamin D is the sun. Attention should be paid to the consumption of foods such as white cheese, milk and yoghurt, and sports should be done to store the calcium taken.
Who are at risk?
People with low estrogen levels in women, low testosterone levels in men, first-degree osteoporosis diagnosis, and people who use cortisone drugs may be among the risky groups.

What are the Treatment Methods Applied for Osteoporosis?
In patients diagnosed with osteoporosis, preventive treatment is started unless there is a different situation, that is, if there is no fracture. The main starting point in preventive treatment is to make the patient active and to exercise. Brisk walks allow the bone to maintain its current strength. As the person's muscles develop through activity and movement, the coercive forces on the bones are also reduced, thus reducing the risk of fracture.
Protective drugs, on the other hand, can reduce and balance the destruction seen during osteoporosis. Such drugs are used in treatment in accordance with the age group of the patient. However, drug treatment alone is not enough, regular exercises should be added to the treatment program.

In advanced osteoporosis, some additional measures should be taken to reduce the pain associated with these fractures in patients with spinal fractures. These; regular exercise programs, corset treatment and bone filling with bone cement or some organic materials.
Finally; In addition to treating osteoporosis with drug and non-drug methods, measures should be taken to prevent osteoporosis from progressing by considering personal risk factors.

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