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What is laparoscopy ?

What is laparoscopy ?Laparoscopy is an operation performed in the surgical treatment of pelvic bone organs and intra-abdominal organs, without using wide surgical incisions, with the placement of tubes through 3-5 incisions with a size of 1 cm and smaller.

Laparoscopic surgery, popularly known as closed surgery, is a procedure that Decays to a much lesser extent than open surgery. Therefore, it is defined as one of the minimally invasive surgical methods. With laparoscopic techniques, both abnormal conditions in the abdomen can be diagnosed, and surgery can be used as a tool for the treatment of diseases.

Why Is Laparoscopic Surgery Performed?
Patients who are looking for an answer to the question of what laparoscopic surgery means, on the other hand, wonder why this method is preferred. Basically, when evaluated from the point of view of the patient, laparoscopic surgery is preferred if open surgical techniques will cause more harm or if risk factors are wanted to be reduced.

What Diseases Does Laparoscopic Surgery Treat?
Laparoscopic surgery can be preferred for the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases. The most common operations performed with this method are cyst surgery, gallbladder operations, appendicitis removal (appendectomy), myoma removal (myomectomy), uterus removal (hysterectomy), fallopian tube ligation (tubal ligation) and chocolate cyst surgery (endometriosis). Laparoscopy, which allows surgical intervention in conditions related to internal organs, is used by urology, general surgery, gastroenterology and gynecology doctors. The main diseases in which laparoscopic surgery is preferred are the following:
* Investigation and diagnosis of abdominal pain,
* PID (Pelvic inflammatory disease diagnosis,
* Diagnosing menstrual bleeding with excessive pain and bleeding,
* Diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cysts,
* Determination of the causes of infertility,
* Ectopic pregnancy treatment,
* Removal of the ovary, fallopian tube and uterus for some reason,
* Diagnosis and treatment of appendicitis-related disorders,
* Treatment of diseases that require amputation of the intestines,
* Diagnosis and treatment of undescended testis (scrotal orchiopexy•,
* Stomach ulcer treatment,
* Obesity surgery,
* Treatment of cysts of the abdominal region,
* Removal of some or all parts of organs such as the prostate, colon, liver, kidneys and bladder,
• Treatment of hernias located in the groin and abdomen.
Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery It is seen that laparoscopic surgery provides many benefits compared to open surgery operations. The most important benefit is that laparoscopic surgery complications and operation risks are kept to a minimum. The overall benefits of the surgery can be summarized as follows:
• Less risk of bleeding,
• Less postoperative pain,
* Shorter hospital stay after laparoscopic surgery,
* Acceptable minor surgery scar/ cosmetic appearance,
* Early return to daily life and working life,
* Realization of the operation accompanied by large image and HD image.

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