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What is the curvature of the nose (Septum Deviation)

What is the curvature of the nose (Septum Deviation)It is the inclination of the partition that divides the nasal cavity into two and consists of bone and cartilage to one side, or sometimes to both sides.

What are the causes :
Septum deviation nasal curvature can occur as a result of blows to the nose, falling, or disproportionate growth of bones with each other during the development of facial bones, or blows received in infancy, or even traumas that occur at the time of birth.
Septum deviation is one of the commonly known causes of nasal congestion. Nasal congestion can be felt more at night. At the same time, complaints such as mouth open, snoring, dry - burning sensation in the throat when getting up in the morning, rapid fatigue, headache, nasal discharge, cough may disturb the patient.

Disadvantages of Nasal Curvature:
As a result of nasal congestion, it prevents the patient from breathing comfortably. In addition, due to mouth breathing, especially at night, the humidity and temperature of the respiratory air cannot be adjusted, facilitating the appearance of chronic pharyngitis. By preventing the normal functioning of the sinuses, it can lead to sinusitis, laryngitis and bronchitis with the nasal discharge it creates. It causes lung and heart diseases to occur, or it makes it difficult to heal the existing disease, especially because it reduces oxygen intake at an advanced age.

How to diagnose a deviated septum:
After listening to your complaints, your doctor will ask you if you have had a nose-related trauma or surgery. After that, your doctor will examine the inside of the nose and the position of the septum. This procedure is performed with the help of a tool that opens the wings of the nose without causing any discomfort to you, and if necessary, with optical devices called endoscopes. For the diagnosis of septum deviation, there is often no need for another examination. However, if your doctor thinks that your complaints are due to other causes, such as sinusitis and allergies, he may order tests and laboratory examinations to diagnose them.

How to Treat:
Since the cartilage in the middle of the nose (septum cartilage - quadrangular cartilage) is not flat in most people, mild deviations that do not cause discomfort to the patient do not need to be treated. However, deviations that cause problems must be treated, and the only way to do this is surgery.

Is there an age limit for septoplasty surgery:
Surgical treatment of septum deviations determined in childhood is usually not performed before the age of 18 in order not to disrupt the growth centers of the face and bone development of the face. In adults, the growth centers are inactive, and septoplasty operations do not have a negative effect on the shape of the face

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