In dentistry, dentures are appliances made to help maintain the health of existing tissues while restoring the chewing functions, contribution to speech and aesthetics of lost teeth and tissues.
We can evaluate prostheses in two separate classes as fixed and removable prostheses.
While fixed prostheses are divided into crowns and bridges, they can be named as full metal, metal supported porcelain or full porcelain according to the material used in their production.
Removable prostheses can be named in different ways according to their different properties.
•Immediate (temporary) prostheses
• Overdentures (dental or over implant) prostheses
WHAT IS A CORON AND BRIDGE?
Crown: It is the process of reducing and covering the teeth that have excessive material loss due to caries, fractures or other reasons.
Bridge: In the absence of one or more teeth, it is the process of reducing the adjacent teeth and filling the gaps by taking support from the special coatings that come to them.
When tooth loss occurs for any reason, neighboring teeth begin to move towards this space. As a result, gingival problems in the adjacent teeth, bone loss due to tipping into this space, deterioration in aesthetics and changes in chewing forces occur. If this gap is not restored with an implant or bridge for a long time, these neighboring teeth may also be lost.
WHAT IS TOTAL AND PARTIAL PROSTHESIS?
Total, full dentures: If the person has lost all the teeth in his mouth, total-full dentures should be made.
In recent years, total dentures are no longer the only chance for toothless mouths. Implants placed in the jawbone and prostheses prepared with support from them now give patients the feeling of chewing with their own teeth and are often preferred for this reason.
Partial, partial dentures: It is a type of prosthesis that allows the attachment of metal parts called crochet (hooks) made with the combination of special acrylic and metals in partial tooth deficiency.
PRECISION ATTACHED PROSTHESES
It is another type of prosthesis used in partial tooth deficiency. The retention of the prosthesis is not provided by clasps as in partial dentures, but by female and male parts called precision connection. These prostheses are far superior to classical partial dentures in terms of aesthetics, retention and health.
What should be the correct tooth brushing technique?
The most effective way to protect our teeth is to brush regularly. Tooth brushing should take an average of 2 minutes, and each tooth should be brushed 8-10 times. When brushing teeth, the gum junction should be especially brushed. The aim is to remove food residues and bacterial plaque on the tooth surface.
Tooth brushing is the first step in the right brush selection. The most suitable brushes are nylon and medium hardness brushes. It is preferred that the head of the brush is not too large for easy movement in the mouth and easy access to the back teeth. After choosing the appropriate brush, the teeth are brushed regularly at least twice a day.
Toothpaste mouthwash can't clean your teeth
Toothpaste facilitates brushing simply because of the pleasant smell and feel it gives to the mouth. Mouthwashes are also support products. They help with oral hygiene. Continuous use is not recommended. If your brushing is not smooth, it is useless to expect benefits from toothpaste or mouthwash.
Tooth polishing powders should not be used unless recommended by a dentist. Excessive use is harmful to dental health.
In brushing teeth, the basic movement is the same except for the position of the brush: The brush is placed inclined to the gum line. The teeth are brushed with small circular movements without disturbing this situation. Then, brushing is continued by shifting the brush by one brush length.
tooth brushing technique
1. The toothbrush is held at an angle of 45 degrees and brushing is started starting from the gum line towards the oral cavity. Starting from the outer surfaces, brushing should not be done in hard strokes, but should be done softly and in circles, from the front teeth to the back teeth.
2. Then the inner surfaces of the teeth are brushed in the same way. In this process, the brush is kept tilted and moved from the gum to the oral cavity.
3. Then the chewing surfaces of the teeth are brushed by moving the brush straight back and forth.
Healthy gums do not bleed while brushing
If your gums bleed while brushing, it means that the bleeding areas cannot be cleaned well. Never stop brushing just because your gums are bleeding. On the contrary, the bleeding site should be brushed more carefully and carefully.
If bleeding continues even though you have brushed properly for 3-4 days, you may either have tooth stone in that area, your brushing technique may be inadequate, or you may have a poorly made filling or crown coating. In this case, it would be beneficial to see a dentist.
Toothbrush is a personal tool, it is not shared with others. Toothbrushes should be changed every few months, at the latest every 3-4 months. When necessary, dental floss can be used to ensure effective brushing of the interfaces, and interface brushes are used. It is necessary to consult a dentist in order to get their recommendations regarding these.
The most common mistakes when brushing teeth
• Brushing teeth only, brushing without touching the gums
• Brushing only the front surfaces, not brushing the tongue-palate side because it is nauseous,
• To brush casually, the person puts the brush in his mouth for 20-30 seconds. He is in a hurry because he is often going to work.
• Applying the paste to cover the bristles of the toothbrush. It is enough to put the paste in half of the chickpeas. It is not recommended to use paste in children under 6 years old. It can be used in children younger than 12 years old, if the child can rinse his mouth well 3-4 times after brushing.
• It is wrong to expect excessive benefit from toothpaste and mouthwash. The main thing is mechanical cleaning. Mechanical cleaning is only possible with a toothbrush and dental floss.
• Not brushing the parts of the upper and lower wisdom teeth
• Not changing the direction and shape of the brush according to the position of the tooth while cleaning crooked teeth.
• Brushing with excessive force causes gingival recession and wedge wear in the teeth, especially in the corner teeth, in the long term.
• Brushing teeth for too long is also harmful.
• Using tooth powder with the thought that it cleans better
• Stop brushing because the gums are bleeding.
What are toothpaste tablets?
Products such as floss and toothbrushes are difficult to recycle. Generally, these items are frequently used in our daily life. For this reason, since we consume it quickly, the rate of accumulation in our garbage is also high. With the increase in environmental awareness, the use of low-waste care products has also increased.
Are toothpaste tablets good for the environment?
Toothpaste tablets are produced from powdered toothpastes. They are small and useful. These products are beneficial to the environment. They can be recycled. Using these products rather than tubes will have a positive impact on the environment. They are also very advantageous in travel, as they are not like putty, but solid and small.
How to brush teeth with these tablets?
Gels and tablets feel different. Textured ones are more foamy. Tablets are less foamy. After taking the tablet in your mouth, you need to chew and start brushing. One tablet will be enough for brushing once.
Why do teeth become transparent?
When you wake up one morning, the tips of your teeth become transparent; so you can see that it has a transparent color. Even if you don't feel comfortable with this situation at first, you may feel some pain in the later stages. When you eat or drink hot or cold drinks, you may feel that your teeth are aching. This is because; There may be erosion of tooth enamel. Tooth enamel is an important defense mechanism that protects teeth against chemicals. In case of wear, the teeth may become vulnerable and cavities may form. Every food you eat and drink goes from the tooth pits to the nerve endings, and this returns to you as pain. The factors that cause this condition, which we also know as dental acid erosion; excess sugar, dry mouth, very sour foods, reflux and acidic foods.
Will the teeth become transparent?
If the necessary care is given to the tooth, which is one of the most important building blocks of human beings, these complaints will not be seen. Otherwise; You may lose your tooth, different alternative treatments may be required. The most important point to be made for this is to apply to a specialist dentist as soon as you notice a symptom of this complaint and to eliminate the factors that cause the complaint. Instead, you can cause further and irreversible damage to your teeth with the methods you will apply at home.
What is good for teeth transparency?
• Avoid cola, soda, fruit juice and similar acidic foods and drinks.
• Rinse your mouth immediately after consuming something acidic. If you have the necessary environment, brush your teeth too.
• Do not chew sugary gum. Instead, opt for sugar-free gum containing xylitol.
• Be careful not to drink cola and fruit juice directly by mouth, but using a straw.
• Drink water often if you have a dry mouth.
• Prefer your toothbrush over soft-textured toothbrushes.
• Brush your teeth at least one hour after consuming acidic food and drink.