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What is trypophobia?

What is trypophobia?Trypophobia is a type of discomfort characterized by the feeling of fear and anxiety or disgust due to the holes located in close clusters on the surfaces.

. For example, a strawberry or a sponge with holes can lead to a feeling of severe disgust that can cause vomiting in people with trypophobia. In some people, blisters in clusters, such as chickenpox, can also cause a phobia in the same way.

What causes trypophobia?
The exact cause of trypophobia has not yet been fully clarified. However, research on the subject is ongoing. Evidence from old studies has suggested that the fear of holes is due to the effect of clusters of round shapes found in poisonous animals such as snakes and blue-eyed octopus on humans.
As a result of some recent research, psychologists are putting forward a new theory. According to this theory, it is stated that the natural suspicion caused by closely arranged circular shapes in individuals may actually be related to some diseases seen in humans. Many diseases such as chickenpox, measles, rubella, typhus and skin conditions caused by parasites such as scabies, ticks lead to clusters of rounded shapes on the skin. In other words, these manifestations on the skin are a sign of something bad. Therefore, people with trypophobia feel fear and disgust with the negative signals sent by the subconscious.

What are the factors that trigger trypophobia?
The symptoms of people who experience trypophobia are usually triggered by objects in which small, irregular holes are located in clusters. Some of these objects are;
* Soap bubbles
* Honeycomb
* Droplets formed as a result of condensation of water
• Can be sorted in the form of skin blisters.
What are the symptoms of trypophobia?
People with trypophobia show various psychological and physical symptoms when they see triggering objects. Symptoms of the disorder are mild in most people. But in some people, it can be severe enough to affect their daily life. The most common of these symptoms that can be seen in individuals are;
* Feeling of fear, disgust or discomfort
* Itching on the skin
* Desire to avoid the situation
* Heart palpitations
•             Dizziness
* Shortness of breath
• It is in the form of fear of death.
How is trypophobia diagnosed?
There are no medical diagnostic tests to understand if a person suffers from trypophobia. For diagnosis, a psychiatrist or psychologist listens to the patient's complaints in detail and evaluates them. He conducts a physical examination to exclude the presence of a neurological disease. If necessary, he checks whether there is an organic disease by taking a brain tomography or MRI.

How is trypophobia treated?
Just like other phobias, an irrational fear such as trypophobia is not very easy to treat. Methods such as psychological counseling, psychotherapy techniques and hypnosis are used in the treatment of phobias.
Cognitive behavioral psychotherapy can be useful in helping patients change unrealistic thought patterns. This helps them to discern that their intense fears are the result of their imagination.
Positive results can be achieved with exposure therapy, which is a variant of behavioral therapy. In this treatment method, starting with a picture that does not affect the person, gradually more pictures of the effect rate are shown to the patient. In this way, the brain can be conditioned to reduce obsession in man.
Sedative medications may be prescribed to control skin rashes that may appear due to fear. Antidepressant drugs can be given as an adjunct to psychotherapy to calm trypophobia.

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