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High blood pressure can cause these diseases.

High blood pressure can cause these diseases.The main target organs damaged by hypertension are the heart, brain, eyes, kidneys and arteries.

.In response to hypertension in the target organs, some defense and balancing mechanisms start first, but if the blood pressure is not treated and remains high in this process, irreversible permanent damage occurs. The first effects of these balancing mechanisms on organs can be determined by various tests before organ functions are impaired.

• Heart failure: Working against high pressure in hypertension increases the workload of the heart. The heart, which is mostly muscle, thickens to meet this workload. This increased muscle mass primarily impairs the relaxation function of the heart. If not treated during this period, the contractile function of the heart begins to deteriorate over time. In this way, systolic (contraction) dysfunction is added to diastolic (relaxation) dysfunction over time.
• Heart attack: Hypertension both accelerates the development of coronary atherosclerosis, that is, arteriosclerosis, and the increased muscle tissue causes changes in the coronary circulation. The resistance increases and the reserve decreases in the coronary vessels. Due to all these reasons, the nutrition of the heart may be impaired in people with hypertension. If a patient with thickening of the heart muscle has a heart attack, the rate of progression of the attack is higher. These changes can be prevented if the patient is taking antihypertensive therapy while having a crisis. Again, these patients may experience more rhythm disturbances and sudden death in response to ischemia.
• Aortic aneurysm: Local enlargement of one or more parts of the aorta is called aneurysm. Abdominal aortic aneurysm is more common than thoracic aortic aneurysm. Most patients do not have any complaints, but sometimes there may be low back, abdominal and back pain. Hypertension is the most important known risk factor for the development of aneurysm. It is important to control high blood pressure to prevent aortic aneurysm.
• Stroke: The risk of having a stroke is 4-5 times higher in those with hypertension than in those without. Hypertension is the most important risk factor for ischemic stroke, which is caused by the narrowing or occlusion of the vessel that supplies blood to the brain, and for hemorrhagic stroke, which occurs when bleeding occurs as a result of the rupture of weak spots and aneurysms in the cerebral vessels. Its importance is due to its high incidence and the fact that the risk can be significantly reduced with appropriate treatment.
• Kidney failure: Since hypertension is a disease that affects the vessels, it also chooses the kidneys as target organs, such as the heart and brain. The higher the blood pressure, the greater the risk of developing kidney failure. Hypertension is both a cause and a consequence of kidney damage. Chronic kidney disease is the second most common cause of secondary hypertension. In some kidney diseases, the first sign is high blood pressure.
• Visual disturbances: High blood pressure can cause arteriosclerosis, bleeding and damage to the retina of the eye. Since monitoring retinal changes is the most important way to directly evaluate small vessel damage due to hypertension, it is important both for diagnosis and follow-up in every patient with hypertension. Another important feature is that it is a risk determinant.

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