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What are the Causes of Congenital Heart Diseases?

What are the Causes of Congenital Heart Diseases?Congenital heart diseases occur due to problems experienced while the baby is in the womb.

These problems are; smoking and alcohol use by the mother during pregnancy, incorrect drug use during pregnancy, not keeping gestational diabetes under control, low birth weight, maternal age, exposure of the mother to the infection. For this reason, in addition to the qualified implementation of pregnancy follow-up, it is necessary to protect the health of the mother, to control existing diseases, and to avoid harmful habits such as smoking and alcohol during pregnancy. It is necessary for the mother to eat properly, not be exposed to physical trauma, not to use inappropriate birth control methods, and not to use unnecessary drugs during pregnancy.
What are the Major Congenital Heart Diseases
Although congenital heart diseases differ depending on their causes, they also cause very different symptoms.
• Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
• Total Pulmonary Venous Return anomaly
• Truncus Arteriosus
• Tricuspid Atresia
• Pulmonary Atresia
• Displacement of the Great Arteries (TGA)
• Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
• Aortic Coarctation
• Aortic Stenosis
• Atrioventricular Septal Defect (ASD)
• Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

• Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)

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