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What Are the Symptoms of Cataracts? How Is It Treated?

What Are the Symptoms of Cataracts? How Is It Treated?Learn more about Cataract

What Are the Symptoms of Cataracts? How Is It Treated?
Cataract is an eye disease that is often seen in middle age and older, which causes the patient to see blurred vision by losing the transparency of the lens of the eye located behind the pupil over time.
Cataract is when the lens of the eye becomes dull, losing its transparency. As a result of this dulling, the quality of vision decreases, the colors become pale, and sensitivity to light may develop. Although cataracts are more common in middle and old age, they can also occur in newborn babies, after trauma, those with uveitis, and people who use cortisone for a long time.
Why does katarak occur?
The most important cause of cataracts in adults is the changes that occur in the lens with aging. In children, metabolic diseases, inbreeding, diseases passed in the womb, drug use during pregnancy, microbial conditions and injuries are effective in the formation of cataracts. In addition, eye traumas, diabetes, intraocular inflammation (uveitis), kidney disease, glaucoma, high blood pressure ( hypertension) and long-term use of cortisone medications are conditions that cause cataracts to form.
 What Are the Symptoms of Cataracts?
Decreased vision over time
Double vision
Having difficulty reading
Fading and yellowing in colors
Deterioration of night vision
Light sensitivity (glare)

Cataract Treatment
Cataract is an eye disease that progresses over time in the eye and its progression cannot be stopped. The only treatment is surgery. It cannot be treated with glasses or medication. The most up-to-date and new treatment applied in recent years is smart lens (Trifocal lens) applications.
The most important cause of cataracts in adults is the changes that occur with aging in the lens. In children, metabolic diseases, inbreeding, diseases passed in the womb, drug use during pregnancy, microbial conditions and injuries are effective. Also from the eye strokes (trauma), diabetes, eye inflammation (uveitis), kidney disease, glaucoma, radiation, high blood pressure ( hypertension) and cataract can use cortisone medication for a long time.

What Should Be Done Before Surgery?
The patient comes to the hospital with a slight satiety before the operation and undergoes a routine eye examination. One hour before the operation, the patient's pupil is enlarged using drops.
How is Cataract Surgery Performed?
There is no treatment that can be done to treat cataracts with medication and prevent their progression.
Cataract surgery is a seamless surgical method that allows the patient to maximize the quality of vision by replacing the lens, which has lost its transparency, by entering the eye through micro incisions of 2-3 mm, with an artificial lens.
Cataract surgery is performed today with a modern technique called phacoemulsification. The patient does not need to be hospitalized, he is discharged on the same day and called for a check-up a day later. The operation is performed with the help of drug drops, no injections are needed. It is a painless and suture-free method. The matte lens is removed and an artificial lens is placed in its place. This lens stays in place for the rest of your life. However, the lens may become dull over time. If such a situation is encountered, the lens is made transparent again with a laser that takes a few minutes and is easily made.

How Long Will the Surgery Take?
It is completed in an average of 15-20 minutes.
What Should Be Considered in Cataract Surgery?
In this operation, the experience of the physician who will perform the procedure and the quality of the lens that will be placed in the eye are very important.
Is Hospitalization Performed After Cataract Surgery?
No. The patient is discharged immediately after surgical intervention.

What Should Be Considered After the Operation?
The patient's recovery of normal vision after surgery varies according to the hardness and softness of the cataract. The average recovery time of the eye after surgery is one week. During this time, the patient should not scratch the eye where the operation was performed, should not take a shower for 72 hours and should use the drops that the doctor has given to the patient after the operation in accordance with the hygiene conditions.

How is the Smart lens (Trifocal lens) applied in cataract surgeries?
A smart lens ( Intraocular Lens ) or medically called a Trifocal lens is an artificial lens called a Trifocal lens.  Smart lenses provide great comfort for patients with vision problems and eliminate lifelong vision problems. Smart lens or lenses are suitable for patients who have vision problems due to cataracts and who are severely farsighted or who cannot laser due to high myopia, who want to get rid of their close-fitting glasses at an early age
As their name suggests, these lenses provide clear vision without glasses at three distances, that is, at close, medium and far distances.
There is a natural lens inside every person's eye, that is, a lens.  Lenses that have an elastic and transparent structure lose their elasticity and deform with the progression of age.  As a result, it cannot focus closely, it cannot change shape and a clear view cannot be provided. Trifokal  lens into the eye to replace the natural lens smart deformed the medical name called, an artificial lens by placing both near and far, providing clear vision at both the middle distance I can see our flaws.
Thus, it increases the quality of life of the patients and provides comfort in their lives.

Can anyone have smart lens surgery?
Smart lens surgery is applied to those who have cataracts or those who do not want to wear close glasses after the age of 40.
Trifocal (smart) lens surgery is not suitable for every eye.

Who is the smart lens applied to?
The aim of smart lens treatment is to improve the patient's visual quality by applying an artificial lens instead of the lens that is present at birth and has lost its function. Patients who are fitted with smart lenses can read books, use computers and watch television without glasses after surgery. Thus, the patient's quality of life is increased. Smart lens;
to patients who have exceeded the age of 40 and have vision problems at distant, close or intermediate distances Dec;
For patients whose corneal thickness is too high to be corrected by laser because it is not suitable;
In addition, smart lens application can also be performed in patients who have previously undergone laser surgery and have problems with reduced vision, far or near vision due to deformation of intraocular lenses.

How to apply smart lens?
In the application of smart lenses, the eyes are disinfected primarily by washing and preparing for surgery. The operation takes about 15-20 minutes.  During the procedure performed with local anesthesia, the patient does not feel pain. Smart lens application
The natural lens whose structure is impaired in the eye is removed and a smart lens is placed in its place.  After the operation, the eye is bandaged and the patient is discharged. The eye remains taped overnight and the bandage is removed from the eye at the check-up the next day. The patient can continue his daily life more comfortably by starting to see on the same day.
The same procedures are applied to the other eye within a few days.

Who is the smart lens not suitable for?
As a result of a detailed eye examination, the suitability of the trifocal lens of the eye is determined. Placing trifocal lenses in unsuitable eyes not only prevents obtaining a good view, but can also lead to permanent light reflections. Smart lens application is not correct in patients with yellow dots, patients with retinal damage due to diabetes, those with open or hidden strabismus, diseases due to deterioration of the cornea shape.

When to return to everyday life after a smart lens?
The first night after surgery, he sleeps with a transparent plastic protector on the eye. The next day, this protector is removed and you can return to daily life after an eye check. In the first few days, there is a temporary blurred vision due to the dilation of the pupil with drops during surgery. Within a few days, vision becomes clear. The use of eye drops is required for a month.


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