Almost everyone can experience feelings of anxiety and panic at certain times. This feeling is a natural response to tense, stressful or dangerous situations.
But for a person suffering from panic attack disorder, feelings of anxiety, worry, panic, and stress occur both regularly and often for no apparent reason.
Panic Disorder is a mental disorder associated with panic attacks. Unexpectedly recurrent panic attacks are observed as anxiety caused by the expectation of these attacks to occur, and difficulty in adapting to the natural flow of life due to the anxiety of dying or being harmed due to the symptoms that occur during the panic attack.
Panic Attack in Children
Panic disorder is more common in adolescents and teenagers than in young children. However, coping with a panic attack can be a difficult experience, especially for children and teenagers.
Severe panic disorder can affect their development and learning. Children showing panic attack symptoms should definitely be taken to a doctor.
The physician will review the child's medical history and perform a thorough physical examination to see if there are any physical causes for the symptoms.
Screening for other anxiety disorders may also be required to help determine what is causing panic attacks in children, so after a general physical examination, referral to an appropriate specialist for further evaluation and treatment, if necessary, will be made.
What are the Causes of Panic Attacks?
As with many other mental disorders, the exact cause of a panic attack is not fully understood. However, the condition is thought to be possibly related to a traumatic or very stressful period in life such as bereavement, or to neurotransmitter imbalance in the brain or similar factors.
During a panic attack, the person experiences various physical and mental symptoms as well as anxiety. These symptoms can appear for no apparent reason and can appear quite quickly. A panic attack can be a very frightening and stressful situation for the person.
Panic attack symptoms include the symptoms listed below.
• Sudden need for toilet,
• Hot flush,
• Feeling unconscious,
• Feeling of suffocation,
• A sense of dread or fear of dying,
• General Tremor,
• Chest pain,
• Fast heartbeat,
• Ringing in the ears,
• Dry mouth,
• Shortness of breath,
• Tingling in the fingers,
• Numbness or pins and needles sensation,
• Feeling disconnected from the body.
At least four of the above symptoms are observed simultaneously in a panic attack. Situations where less is observed are called restricted panic attacks. Although panic attacks usually last between 5 - 20 minutes, cases of this duration up to an hour have been observed.
The number of panic attacks may vary depending on the severity of the situation. While some individuals are exposed to this situation once a month, other individuals may have panic attacks several times a week.