Either the blood cannot go where it needs to go because of the stenosis in the valve or the blood leaks back from the place where the blood goes due to the insufficiency of the valve. This situation makes the heart tired and enlarged day by day. The most common of these disorders are diseases of the aortic and mitral valves.
Aortic Valve Stenosis
There are two reasons. It is a rare condition in which the congenital aortic valve is in the form of two leaflets instead of three. It is more acquired, that is, it occurs later. It occurs due to calcification that develops in the valves especially in those who have had heart rheumatism (rheumatic fever) or due to advanced age.
Aortic Valve Insufficiency
It is a heart valve disease that usually occurs as a result of serious heart diseases. It is common after diseases in which the heart enlarges, such as aortic aneurysms, traumas, cardiomyopathy. In some cases, it can be seen on the background of cardiac rheumatism with aortic stenosis.
Mitral Valve Stenosis
It is the most common heart valve disease. In patients with mitral valve stenosis, blood cannot pass from the left atrium to the left ventricle. For this reason, the forward and flow of blood is prevented. This causes intense shortness of breath and heart palpitations in the patient. The risk of embolism may increase and signs of heart failure may occur.
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
In patients with mitral valve insufficiency, the forward blood flows back to the left atrium. As a result, the heart is overloaded and there is progressive enlargement of the left atrium. In cases left untreated, serious health problems may occur in a short time.
Mitral Valve Prolapse