stomach, duodenum, and colon endoscopy is to examine the gastrointestinal tract covering that allows processing. It is a very reliable and effective method of revealing the factor that causes digestive system disorders. It can be used in the diagnosis of the disease, as well as for the treatment of gastric bleeding and removal of polyps in the stomach, it is widely used. If any tumor formation is observed during the procedure, a biopsy can be taken to make a definitive diagnosis and to investigate the presence of a bacterium called Helicobacter Pylori in the stomach. Endoscopy is divided into two, namely gastroscopy and colonoscopy. In the gastroscopy procedure, the stomach and part of the duodenum are evaluated; in the colonoscopy, the condition of the large intestine is evaluated.
Who is endoscopy applied to?
* Those who complain of stomach pain and anemia problems
* Those who have complaints such as difficulty swallowing, heartburn, reflux, burning in the chest and persistent nausea vomiting, fever and weakness
• Under the control of those who experience weight loss of unknown cause, patients undergoing gastric surgery, and patients who have previously undergone endoscopy and been given medication
* Those who have brown vomiting, red blood coming from the mouth, or black defecation
• To place a gastric catheter in patients who have to be fed by inserting a hose into the stomach
* Patients who suffer from constipation for a long time and do not respond to treatment with medication
* For those who have bleeding in the breech, ulcerative colitis and Chron patients
* In the detection of abnormalities in the intestinal wall, polyps, diverticula, tumors and vascular pathologies
• When suspicious lesions are seen as a result of examinations such as tomography and medicated bowel and stomach film, an endoscopy procedure is performed to remove parts from these lesions.
How is endoscopy performed?
The endoscopy procedure, which is performed with the help of a bendable pipe 8-10 millimeters thick, which has its own camera and a special light source, allows imaging of the organs of the digestive system. The images taken with the help of the camera on the tube are projected onto the screen, and the doctor evaluates the internal surface of the organs by looking at these images. During the procedure, the patient's oxygen level and your condition are monitored. When the doctor deems it necessary, he can take parts to get a definitive diagnosis of the disease. In addition, if there is bleeding, it can stop bleeding or remove polyps. The gastroscopy procedure, in which the organs of the upper digestive system are visualized, takes about 3-5 minutes, and the colonoscopy procedure, in which the large intestine is visualized, takes about 15-20 minutes. For the gastroscopy procedure, the patient should not eat anything for at least 6 hours before the procedure, and for the colonoscopy procedure, bowel cleansing with special medications should be performed at least 2 days before. For endoscopy, which is a painless and painless procedure, if there is no special reason affecting the patient's general health, relaxing and light sleeping medications are given through the arm vein as a preliminary preparation.
There are usually no problems after the endoscopy procedure, but some patients may experience a sore throat for a few days. Slight drowsiness or fatigue may be observed due to the sedative medications given. However, if there are conditions such as abdominal pain, vomiting, blood coming from the mouth, fever and difficulty breathing that become increasingly severe in the 48-hour period following the procedure, a doctor should be visited without wasting time.