The reason for this is the pollen formed by trees, flowers and grasses that spread in the air. If a person has an allergic constitution, pollen entering the body causes the secretion of certain substances. This, in turn, leads to the expansion of capillaries in the membranes of the eyes and nose, which leads to swelling of the tissues. When these reactions are examined, they indicate signs of spring allergy. Spring allergy is also popularly called ’hay Decease'.
Not all pollens cause allergies!
A large number of pollen is blamed for the spring allergy. But not every pollen causes allergies. The pollens that most cause allergies are olive, hazelnut, alder, wormwood, poplar, meadow grass, oats, rye and wheat oats. May May June February, weed pollen, tree pollen is usually effective from mid-summer to autumn, weed pollen is effective from mid-summer to autumn.
Symptoms of spring allergy
Symptoms of spring allergy are recurrent in seizures; sneezing, runny nose and stuffy nose, itching in the nose, watery eyes and redness, constant itching sensation in the throat, such as common cold symptoms are similar. The most common symptoms of spring allergy are repeated sneezing 15-20 times and watery eyes. People with spring allergies sneeze repeatedly, as if they have entered a crisis, have a runny nose and watery eyes Decease.
The difference between allergies and colds
With the symptoms of spring allergy, the symptoms of a cold are almost the same. The biggest difference between these two diseases is that the symptoms disappear within 1 week, at the latest 10 days in the Decease, while this period can be extended to 2 or even 4 months in spring allergies. Therefore, if these complaints last longer than 2 weeks, it is necessary to investigate whether there is an allergic reaction below it. In addition, the occurrence of complaints in the form of intermittent crises, especially if the patient has a family history of allergies, indicates a spring allergy. However, the final diagnosis is made after an allergy test and blood tests.
Spring allergy can lead to serious loss of labor. Patients do not miss their handkerchiefs from their hands, as they constantly sneeze and have to wipe their runny noses often. In addition, because they often shed tears, they have to communicate with ‘sick’ eyes in business life. It affects social life as well as business life. Allergy sufferers may avoid being in social settings such as friend gatherings, movies, or parties in the spring. If they are working, they have concentration problems in their meetings, if they are studying, in their schools. For example, teachers may have difficulty completing their lessons and administrators may have difficulty completing their very important meetings.
Is spring allergy genetic?
Spring allergy can also be defined as a genetic disease. So much so that if the child's parents have an allergic reaction, the risk of developing it themselves can increase by up to 50 percent. An allergic reaction is usually observed in the age group of 20-40 years with a number of immune mechanisms that occur in the body. However, in recent years, genetically modified hormonal foods, air pollution, industrial substances, environmental conditions such as ozone layer drilling and adverse changes in living conditions may weaken the immune system and lead to further exacerbation of the allergic body. For this reason, it is now seen even in 10-year-old children.
Spring allergy treatment
Allergic diseases cannot be cured definitively. For this reason, the goal of treatment is to reduce the symptoms of allergy, relieve its severity and prevent the recurrence of the disease. Symptoms such as nasal congestion and runny nose and tears can be alleviated with medication today and in this way, people can live a better quality of life. Drug therapy should be continued for at least 3-4 months. However, patients usually think that they are getting better as soon as their complaints pass, and discontinue medication treatment. As a result, the symptoms reappear after a few days. For this reason, in order for a successful result to be obtained, people should use their medications regularly and for the period recommended by the doctor.
The place of vaccination in the treatment of spring allergy
The purpose of vaccine treatment is to gradually accustom the body to the allergen to which it is allergic and reduce the reaction to this substance. But vaccine treatment is very controversial. Because the mechanism of action has not yet been fully revealed, it is not clear what kind of reaction will occur in the body in the future. Drug treatment for spring allergy can already provide a significant alleviation of patients' complaints. Therefore, vaccination therapy should be carried out only when there is no benefit from drug therapy, if the body reacts to only one allergen, and the person cannot be protected from this substance. Since it is a risky treatment method, care should be taken that the vaccine is definitely given in a hospital environment and by a specialist trained in allergy. Otherwise, instead of giving benefits, vaccines can have severe consequences called ‘anaphylactic shock’. Therefore, it is necessary to be selective and not to do vaccine treatment to every patient.
Spring allergy can develop into sinusitis
If the spring allergy is underestimated, untreated and not controlled, it can turn into chronic sinusitis and bronchitis. As a result, symptoms such as a runny nose can become chronic, and people lose the chance to live a quality life by not benefiting from treatment. In addition, the problem that begins in the upper respiratory tract progresses and descends to the lower respiratory tract, which can lead to asthma attacks. Studies have revealed that the rate of transformation of spring allergy into asthma is as high as 30 percent. The reason for this is that patients do not see a doctor on time with the thought that ‘it will pass anyway’, they are not adequately protected from allergens and they smoke.
Spring allergy sufferers have asthma risk
Spring allergy, whether treated or not, people with allergies are always at risk of having asthma. Because the respiratory tract is a path that starts from the nose and goes all the way to the lungs. Since the allergic reaction affects this entire pathway, asthma can occur in more than 50 percent of people with allergies. However, asthma is not a crisis; it can also be in the form of coughing attacks, uncontrollable coughing, and shortness of breath from time to time. In patients with both asthma and allergic rhinitis, asthma can also improve when allergic rhinitis is treated. It is recommended that patients with this type of complaint consult a pulmonologist, otolaryngologist, or allergist and take the necessary precautions.