Page Detail

What are ovarian cysts ?

What are ovarian cysts ?Ovarian cysts are masses that are filled with a liquid substance inside and can vary in size from 2 cm to 30 cm Dec.

The biggest factor in the formation of these masses, which are known to consist of the ovary's own tissue, are hormone disorders. Although it is generally known that most ovarian cysts that occur are benign, in some cases, ovarian cysts that are malignant and are likely to turn into cancer can also be encountered.

How Are Ovarian Cysts Formed?
When we look at the formation of ovarian cysts, we have stated that the most obvious reason is imbalances caused by hormones. In women, in general,ovaries with egg cells inside are formed in the uterus every monthly cycle. These ovaries, called follicles, reveal their eggs when they crack. If a woman does not become pregnant during this period, the eggs that are released are thrown out along with other tissues that form on the intrauterine wall. Bleeding experienced during menstruation in women is caused precisely by these. If a woman has a hormone imbalance, it is seen that these ovaries with egg cells in them do not crack and continue to grow and remain in the uterus. In such a case, the presence of follicles, which we call ovarian cysts, comes to the agenda. If the ovaries formed apart from these reasons are exposed to radiation too much, the probability of turning into a cyst increases.

What Are the Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts?
First of all, it should be noted that not every ovarian cyst formation shows symptoms. For this reason, most people do not know that they are carrying an ovarian cyst. When women have complaints that occur during the delay of a normal menstrual period or bleeding that occurs irregularly, it can be thought that they may have ovarian cysts. Apart from these mentioned, in addition, pain in the lower back and groin area, swelling and pain in the abdominal area, feeling that there is a mass when self-examining manually can be considered a symptom of an ovarian cyst. If it seems that a person has more pain than during the normal menstrual period, it should not be neglected and a doctor should be consulted. In such cases, the bursting of the ovarian cyst can lead to even greater problems.

How is an Ovarian Cyst Diagnosed?
Ovarian cysts can occur during a routine examination, or the diagnosis can be made as a result of the examination when the patient goes to the doctor with the specified complaints. At this stage, it will be enough to use ultrasound in the examination to make a diagnosis. However, since ultrasound imaging cannot provide information about the type of ovarian cyst, some blood tests will be requested. If there is a suspicion of cancer in the cysts that form, it is seen that radiological tests, which are more advanced technology, are used for such a situation.

How are Ovarian Cysts Treated?
When determining the path to be followed for the treatment of ovarian cysts, the type of cyst faced will need to be known. The treatment method to be applied is decided according to the type of ovarian cyst. If the ovarian cysts that form are small in size, it is seen that birth control pills are used for this and attempts are made to stop the work of the eggs. The cysts that are also formed at this stage will dissolve spontaneously by the body. However, if larger cysts have formed and the cysts formed as a result of the examinations have been determined to be malignant, a surgical intervention may be necessary.

What Are Ovarian Cysts That Require Surgical Intervention?

Simple Cysts
In general, this type of egg cyst, which is an egg cyst, is filled with liquid that looks clear inside. It is observed that they do not respond to drug treatment and may be over 5 cm in size. Considering the possibility of bursting this cyst, the possibility that it may put pressure on the ovaries and damage them, it is the most correct decision to be taken with surgical intervention.

Chocolate Cysts
Another name for these cysts is endometriosis cysts. This ovarian cyst, which is in the class of dangerous cysts, has a liquid inside that resembles chocolate in color. It is known that abdominal adhesions are more likely to form on the background. Surgical intervention is the surest method of treatment for these cysts, which can respond to medicated treatment and can be harmless when they shrink.
Dermoid Cysts
These cysts that have occurred from birth are completely different from the others. A thick layer of fat, a piece of hair, or the formation of teeth may appear inside these cysts. It is known that often such cysts are too confused with cancerous cysts. The content and type of this cyst can only be understood by pathological examination. During the pathological examination, the treatment method can be decided and put into practice.


The formation of these cysts is similar to uterine fibroids and they are seen as more dangerous because they are hard like a billiard ball. If the tissues of the cysts formed in the examinations are hard, the possibility of containing cancerous cells is high, so it is appropriate to remove them by surgery. In order to understand the content of the cyst, pathological examination is performed again, and during this procedure, the operation is directed according to whether the cyst is benign or malignant.

We are happy to provide solutions to your health problems.

Make an apointment