It is a very reliable and effective method in revealing the factor that causes digestive system disorders. It can be used in the diagnosis of the disease, as well as for the treatment of gastric bleeding and removal of polyps in the stomach. If any tumor formation is observed during the procedure, a biopsy can be taken to make a definitive diagnosis and to investigate the presence of the bacteria called Helicobacter Pylori in the stomach. Endoscopy is divided into two as gastroscopy and colonoscopy. In the gastroscopy procedure, part of the stomach and duodenum; In colonoscopy, the condition of the large intestine is evaluated.
Who is endoscopy applied to?
• Those with stomach pain and anemia problems
• Those who have complaints such as difficulty in swallowing, heartburn, reflux, burning in the chest and persistent nausea, vomiting, fever and weakness
• Under the control of those who experience weight loss of unknown cause, patients who have undergone gastric surgery, and patients who have previously undergone endoscopy and given medication
• Those who have brown vomit, red blood or black stools from the mouth
• To place a gastric catheter in patients who have to be fed with a gastric tube.
• Patients who suffer from constipation for a long time and do not respond to medication.
• For those with bleeding in the anus, ulcerative colitis and Chrons patients
• In the detection of abnormalities in the intestinal wall, polyps, diverticula, tumors and vascular pathologies
• When suspicious lesions are seen as a result of examinations such as tomography, medicated bowel and stomach film, endoscopy is performed to take a piece from these lesions.
How is endoscopy done?
The endoscopy procedure, which is performed with the help of a bendable tube with a thickness of 8-10 millimeters, which has its own camera and a special light source, provides visualization of the digestive system organs. The images taken with the help of the camera on the tube are projected onto the screen and the doctor evaluates the inner surface of the organs by looking at these images. During the procedure, the patient's oxygen level and blood pressure are monitored. When the doctor deems it necessary, he can take a piece to get a definitive diagnosis of the disease. In addition, if there is bleeding, it can stop the bleeding or remove the polyps. The gastroscopy procedure, in which the organs of the upper digestive system are viewed, takes approximately 3-5 minutes, and the colonoscopy procedure, in which the large intestine is viewed, takes about 15-20 minutes. For the gastroscopy procedure, the patient should not eat anything for at least 6 hours before the procedure, and for the colonoscopy procedure, bowel cleansing with special drugs should be done at least 2 days before the procedure. For endoscopy, which is a painless and painless procedure, if there is no special reason affecting the general health of the patient, relaxing and light sleepy drugs are given from the arm vein as a preliminary preparation.