One of them is breast cancer. Breast health requires care for women.
How does the development of the breast happen?
The breast is a modified endocrine gland located in the superficial tissues of the anterior chest wall. Its development begins earlier than the onset of menstruation (menses) and continues in the first 2 years of menstrual periods. During this time, the milk ducts are multiplying under the influence of estrogen. With the onset of maturity, breast tissue is developing. Tissue development continues largely depending on the hereditary breast structure of the person and is also affected by the intensity of hormonal stimulation in monthly menstrual bleeding. With menopause, the replacement of functional tissues in the breast with fatty tissues begins, resulting in a fatty change.
Benign masses may also appear in the breast
Various screening methods are used for breast health, which is of particular importance for women's health. The main purpose of radiological breast evaluation is to detect and diagnose breast cancer at an early and treatable stage. This also includes the correct identification of benign breast lesions to differentiate them from breast cancer and thus prevent unnecessary surgical procedures. There are three main general reasons for resorting to breast imaging techniques. In two of them, breast ultrasonography is used. 3 Reasons for breast scans:
* Breast cancer screening (usually does not include ultrasound)
* Diagnostic breast imaging (for consultation, problem solver)
* Diagnostic and interventional breast procedures
Breast cancer screening
It is recommended for women who do not have clinical signs of breast cancer. Breast cancer screening is carried out in 3 stages;
Breast self-examination (CCMM): It should be performed once a month from the age of 20 and especially at the end of the menstrual period.
Clinical breast examination (CMM) performed by the person who performs the health checks: it should be performed every three years between the ages of 20 and 39, Decently once a year after the age of 40.
Mammography for screening purposes: it should be performed once a year, starting at the age of 40.
Diagnostic breast imaging
It is performed for all people who have applied for CMM or CMM with any clinical signs of possible breast cancer, as well as for people who have been found to have abnormalities as a result of mammography for screening purposes and have therefore been called back for October.
Mammography or breast ultrasound?
Mammography and breast ultrasound are the two main imaging methods used in diagnostic breast evaluation. In at least a third of cases, breast ultrasound is used as an auxiliary method for further evaluation of suspicious mammographic or clinical signs. Mammography is more specific in detecting signs of breast cancer. Breast ultrasound, on the other hand, is more reliable and gives more accurate results in young, dense breasts. It can display deep tissues that cannot be seen on mammography, separate solid masses from fluid-filled cysts, and show tissues adjacent to prostheses or other structures that limit mammography.
In which cases is breast ultrasound performed?
* Cystic or solid nature of smooth mammographic masses
* Evaluation of the palpable breast mass
A woman who is too young for a mammogram
* Pregnant women
* Abnormal mammography
* Difficult and inadequate mammography
* Imaging-guided operations
Diagnostic and interventional breast procedures
Ultrasonography provides guidance for many interventional procedures as well as diagnostic procedures in the breast. In order to evaluate some breast lesions more healthily, these interventional procedures are used. Ultrasound is guided by aspiration to determine whether a lesion is a complex cyst or a real solid mass. Ultrasonography again guides needle biopsies used to obtain tissue diagnosis in known breast masses without sending the person to the operating room. In addition, ultrasound serves as a guide during the injection of radioactive material into the relevant area for the purpose of detecting and biopsiing sentinel lymph nodes, in order to mark the location of breast masses with a wire before surgery.