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What is Sunstroke?

What is Sunstroke?Sunstroke refers to the overheating of the body caused by exposure to high temperatures. In the most severe course of heat exposure, the body temperature rises to 40 degrees and above. This is especially true in the summer months.

What are the Symptoms of Sunstroke?

After exposure to the sun and heat, water and salt loss occurs in the body. As a result of this, heat-induced exhaustion such as fatigue, weakness and muscle cramps may occur. If this situation progresses and the body loses its ability to maintain the heat balance, the body temperature may rise dangerously, causing a condition called sunstroke. Detection of body temperature of 40 degrees and above in rectal measurements is the main symptom of sunstroke. Neurological symptoms such as confusion, restlessness, speech disorder, delirium, seizures and coma are among the symptoms that may occur as a result of sunstroke.

Other signs and symptoms that may occur after sunstroke can be summarized as follows:
• Sweating changes
• Nausea and vomiting
• Red discoloration of the skin
• Acceleration of breathing
• Palpitations
• Throbbing headache
The course of sunstroke and the symptoms that may occur may vary depending on how long the body temperature has been high. If the body temperature remains high for a long time and this situation is not intervened, permanent sunstroke side effects may occur in various organs and may cause different symptoms.

What Can Be Done to Prevent Sunstroke?
Since sunstroke can follow a life-threatening course, it is a condition to be aware of. Especially in hot summer periods, it is necessary to stay cool and pay attention to fluid consumption. Choosing light and comfortable clothes, setting the time interval to be spent outside correctly, and avoiding sunburn are among the other practices that can be done to prevent sunstroke. Choosing narrow and thick clothes can prevent the body from establishing its own heat balance. This also applies to sunburns. In order to protect from the harmful effects of the sun, the use of hats, sunglasses and creams with high protective factor content can be beneficial. When using sunscreen, remember to reapply it every two hours.
Especially children and elderly individuals should never be left alone in parked vehicles. In a locked vehicle, the interior temperature can rise by approximately 7 degrees in just 10 minutes. It is important to remember that having the windows of the car ajar or parked in the shade does not make this situation safe.

In cases of sunstroke, you need to be careful because treatment attempts that can be applied at home will not be enough. If you encounter the symptoms of sunstroke in yourself and your loved ones, it is recommended to seek support by applying to the nearest health institutions.

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