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What is Constipation?

What is Constipation?Constipation means the condition in which bowel movements are difficult or occur less than usual. Another name for constipation is costiveness . Almost everyone gets constipated at some point in their life.

Although constipation usually does not cause a very serious health problem, the individual will feel much more comfortable when the symptoms pass.
The normal time between bowel Decays varies from person to person. Some people go to the large toilet three times a day, while others go to the toilet only a few times a week.
But three or more days is a very long time not to go to the toilet. Under normal conditions, it becomes difficult to go to the toilet after the third day due to the hardening of the stool.The condition of making a large toilet less than three times a week is defined as constipation.

Causes of Constipation
Constipation can have many causes, usually based on lifestyle. Among them, there may be those that are eaten during the normal diet, and changes in the activities of daily living Dec.
Not getting enough water or fibrous nutrients during feeding is another reason. Consuming large amounts of dairy products can cause constipation in some bodies. Not leading an active life or resisting the urge to go to the toilet for a long time can lead to constipation. Stress is a separate reason for constipation.
Prolonged use of laxatives or laxatives also leads to constipation. At the same time, especially strong pain medications, antidepressants, iron pills, antacid drugs with calcium or aluminum in them can also cause constipation.
Various eating disorders, irritable bowel syndrome, pregnancy, problems with the nerves and muscles in the digestive system, colon cancer, multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease with neurological problems such as an underactive thyroid or hypothyroidism can also cause symptoms of medical problems such as constipation.

What Are the Symptoms of Constipation?
If the number of times individuals go to the toilet is small, if there is a feeling of difficulty during the toilet, if hard or very small stools are removed, if there is no feeling that the intestines are completely emptied after the toilet, and if there is a bulging belly, these are defined as constipation symptoms.
In addition, if you feel the need to press the navel or abdomen with your hand to empty the intestines, or to help with your finger, this can also be defined as a sign of constipation.
If, in addition to sudden constipation, there is abdominal pain or cramping sensation, at the same time, the toilet cannot be made and the gas cannot be removed in any way, it is absolutely and urgently necessary to consult a doctor.
If constipation has just begun and the measures taken are not sufficient, there is blood in the stool, there is involuntary and unintentional weight loss, bowel movements cause severe pain, constipation lasts longer than two weeks, or the stool has changed significantly in size, shape and consistency, it is necessary to consult a doctor again.
When the doctor approached the ending for constipation, the doctor may suggest some tests to find the cause of constipation: blood tests to check hormone levels and among them, the rectal muscles to control tests, or tests to see how it is progressing throughout the bowel of waste in the colon colonoscopy to check for blockages options are available. Keeping a record of bowel movements, stool characteristics, diet and other factors can help find a suitable treatment.

What are Constipation Diagnostic Methods?
Constipation can have many causes. It is important to identify these causes so that treatment can be as simple and specific as possible. Your doctor will question your medical history and defecation habits to identify these causes, and then perform a physical examination.
A digital examination of the anorectal area is usually the first step, as it is relatively simple and can provide clues as to the underlying causes of the problem.
Examination of the large intestine with a bendable light instrument called an endoscope or a barium X-ray can help detect the problem and reveal serious conditions such as polyps, tumors, or diverticulum diseases that are known to cause constipation. When an anatomical problem is detected, treatment is directed towards correcting the abnormality.
Functions of the anus and rectum can be evaluated with other physiological tests. These tests, which aim to examine the functions of the anus and rectum during defecation, evaluate the reflexes of the anus muscles that control defecation with a small plastic catheter or using imaging methods.
In many cases, constipation is thought to be not a specific cause when no structural or functional cause can be discerned as a result of investigations.
What are Constipation Treatment Methods?
Constipation is a condition that usually resolves on its own without the need for prescription treatment. In most cases, lifestyle changes such as exercising more, eating more fiber, and drinking more water are helpful in relieving constipation.
In addition to the consumption of dried fruits such as dried apricots, figs, plums and prunes, fresh fruits such as apples, grapes and avocados, fibrous vegetables and foods such as spinach, cabbage, cranberry, celery, beetroot, leeks, legumes, white meat and fish, especially The use of olive and olive oil and thyme are foods that are good for constipation.
Making enough time to go to the toilet to go to the toilet without stress or interruptions can also help. When the urge to go to the toilet comes, this should not be ignored, you should go to the toilet immediately.
The use of laxatives may improve symptoms in the short term, but they should be used with caution and only when needed. This is because some laxatives can have serious adverse effects.
Before using laxatives or laxatives, a doctor should be consulted and the instructions in the medicine leaflet should be followed carefully. If constipation persists, a doctor should be consulted. Along with the administration of stronger constipation medications, underlying causes of constipation can be uncovered.
What Is Good for Constipation?
If, for some other reason, fluid consumption has not been limited by the doctor, drinking two to four glasses more water a day will be effective to pass constipation without medication.
Especially in the morning, warm liquid consumption should be done. Fruits and vegetables should be added to the daily diet. Prunes and whole grains should be consumed. exercise should be done at least four days a week. When the human body is moved, the intestinal November muscles are also more active. The urge to go to the toilet should not be resisted.
It becomes possible to relieve constipation by using laxatives or laxatives. There are more than one type of constipation medication and laxatives, and it is usually possible to get them directly, without a prescription, from pharmacies.

How to Prevent Constipation?
A balanced diet with lots of fiber is an effective method to prevent constipation. The best sources for fibrous foods are fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grain bread and other cereals, especially bran.
The consumption of water and similar liquids between one and a half and two liters per day also prevents constipation. Decongestants. Avoiding caffeine is an important step to prevent thirst in the body. Dairy products can cause constipation in some individuals. It is important to engage in active movements and exercise for at least thirty minutes a day.

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