Painless bleeding and clots in the urine are the most common symptoms of bladder cancer, while patients can live with their own bladders in tumors that are diagnosed early and have a low degree. However, in advanced cases, the bladder needs to be removed. In bladder cancer surgeries performed with ”da Vinci Robotic Surgery", a new urinary bladder can be made for patients whose bladder has been removed with a piece taken from their own intestines. With robotic surgery, which provides significant comfort to the patient, the risk of sexual dysfunction of the patient is minimized.
Smoking is the cause of 50 percent of bladder cancer
While bladder cancers are seen in the 7th place in men worldwide, they are not included in the top 10 cancer rankings in women. In Turkey, it is the 4th most common cancer in men. the incidence of bladder cancer in the ranking increases depending on age. Smoking is the most important cause of bladder cancer, which usually begins to occur after the age of 60-70 years. Be responsible for 50 percent of bladder cancer A number of carcinogenic substances contained in cigarettes are excreted through the kidneys. Long-term contact of these carcinogenic substances with the inner surface of the bladder leads to the formation of cancer.
Some professions increase the risk of bladder cancer
In addition to smoking, some professions are also a risk factor for the formation of bladder cancer. Cases in workers in the paint, leather, metal and petroleum industries account for 10 percent of total bladder cancer cases. However, occupational exposure has been decreasing with the occupational safety awareness studies conducted in recent years. However, although rarely family history are some of the factors to blame, while a follow-up to the use of antineoplastic drugs, the amount of arsenic in water is high, resulting from excessive chlorination of water halometan is among the causes of bladder cancer.
Beware of bleeding in the urine!
The most common symptom of bladder cancer is a painless and clotted bleeding in the urine. If bleeding occurs even once, it is absolutely necessary to consult a specialist doctor. Some cancers, on the other hand, do not give any symptoms, while others can give nonspecific symptoms, such as burning in the urine, painful urination, frequent urination. These types of symptoms can be overlooked because they are symptoms that can be seen in urinary tract infections, especially cystitis in women and benign prostate enlargement in men. The definitive diagnosis of bladder cancer is carried out by endoscopic imaging and pathological examination.
Superficial tumors account for 75 percent of bladder cancers
Superficial tumors account for 75 percent of bladder cancer. The majority of patients who are diagnosed early and have a superficial tumor are treated, and these patients can live with their own bladders. If tumors that hold the muscle of the bladder or hold deeper layers and November out of the bladder do not spread to other parts of the body, the bladder should be removed.
The most important treatment for bladder cancer is surgery
The most important treatment for bladder cancer that has not metastasized, that is, has not spread to distant areas, is surgery. There are three different methods of surgery: open, laparoscopic and robotic surgery. While open or laparoscopic surgeries are performed depending on the situation, robotic surgery has been more preferred in recent years due to its advantages.
Artificial bladder is made from the intestine
With the ”Da Vinci Robotic Surgery" method, a new urinary bladder is made with a piece taken from the patient's own intestine, whose bladder was removed. In this operation, the ends of the urinary canals coming out of the kidneys are connected to the new bladder made from the intestine, and one end of the intestinal bladder is connected to the external urinary canal, that is, to the urethra. Thus, urine accumulates in this newly made intestine bladder and is excreted through the external urinary canal. Robotic surgery can be performed in a number of centers by experienced specialists in this field.
Sexual dysfunction can be prevented with robotic surgery
In the robotic surgery method, which provides significant comfort to the surgeon and the patient in the treatment of bladder cancer, the operation is performed through 5 small holes. Since there is no incision, patients can recover faster while there is no fluid and heat loss. the most sensitive interventions can be performed under an image that can be magnified 10-15 times due to the fact that the hand tools of robotic surgery, which provide a 3-dimensional image and give a sense of depth, are very thin and have very high mobility. However, the risk of bleeding is also almost completely eliminated, and there is no need to give blood to patients. In patients whose bowel functions return quickly after surgery, there are also no problems such as wound infection or herniation. One of the most important advantages of robotic surgery is that after bladder cancer surgeries in male patients, the risk of sexual dysfunction is minimized because nerves are protected, as is the case with prostate cancer surgeries.