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What is the Morning-After Pill?

What is the Morning-After Pill?The morning-after pill is a drug with a high content of the hormone progesterone, which is sold in pharmacies without a prescription.

It is effective in preventing the occurrence of pregnancy when used after unprotected sexual intercourse when pregnancy is not planned. Although it is believed that the morning-after pill should be used the day after sexual intercourse because of its name, the sooner it is taken after intercourse, the more effective it is the possibility of pregnancy. While the probability of preventing a possible pregnancy is about 90% when taken within the first 12 hours after intercourse, this rate decreases to 75% when taken on the second day. 5. at the end of the day, it is accepted that it will not have an effect.

When Is the Morning-After Pill Used?
These drugs, which should be considered as a method of emergency contraception (prevention), are not considered a contraceptive method because they do not definitively prevent pregnancy. The morning-after pill can only be used temporarily after sexual intercourse, at any time of the menstrual cycle, in cases where none of the contraceptive methods are used. When taken even during ovulation, or in other words, ovulation, when the probability of pregnancy is highest during the menstrual period, the high progesterone hormone in its content makes it difficult for the egg to be fertilized by sperm. Even if the egg is fertilized until the drug is taken, the fertilized egg cannot attach to the uterus. Thus, the occurrence of pregnancy is prevented. The use of the morning-after pill, which is not a contraceptive method but prevents pregnancy formation at a high rate after unprotected intercourse, should be limited to unexpected situations such as condom rupture and forgetfulness of protection.

Levonorgestrel and ulipristal are the main active ingredients in the morning-after pills. Drugs with these two separate active ingredients can be used to prevent the occurrence of pregnancy after unprotected intercourse by acting through different mechanisms. Levonorgestrel is a drug approved for use in emergency contraception applications by the World Health Organization for the prevention of pregnancy. This active substance is a synthetic derivative of the hormone progesterone and acts by binding to the receptors of this hormone in the body. In accordance with various physiological effects, it acts by preventing ovulation (ovulation) and fertilization or cracking of the egg that has already been secreted.
Ulipristal, on the other hand, is the active substance that binds to progesterone receptors and has a regulatory effect on the activity of this hormone. In general, as that is used in the treatment of uterine leiomyomatosis formations-item drugs, because of their impact ovulation and uterine tissue to emergency contraceptive pills (morning after pill) may be used. It is not recommended to use another progestin-containing contraceptive in the first 5 days after the use of emergency contraception drugs containing Ulipristal. These drugs interact with drugs with the active ingredient ulipristal, which may have a reducing effect on the protective property of this drug.
The long-term use of the morning-after pill, which is perceived as a contraceptive method and can lead to many side effects when used regularly, is definitely not recommended. The doses of use of drugs sold in pharmacies in the form of tablets may differ Decently between brands. Some drugs act with a single use, while others may need to be used twice or in two doses. Therefore, when taking the drug, the pharmacist should be consulted and the drug package insert should definitely be read carefully. It should also be remembered that morning-after pills do not protect against venereal diseases. If a person has an active and regular sex life and is not planning a pregnancy, it is recommended to use birth control methods instead of using the morning-after pill.

How to Use the Morning-After Pill?
In times where birth control methods are not applied, unprotected and should be used in pregnancy if taken after sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancy after intercourse the morning after pill is so successful sooner. Contrary to popular belief, the morning-after pill does not have to be taken the day after sexual intercourse. After intercourse 5. the chance of preventing pregnancy of the drug, which can be taken up to a day, is directly related to when it is taken.
The drug taken within the first 24 hours is 98% effective in preventing pregnancy, while this rate is 48. regresses to 75% per hour. That is why the morning-after pill should be taken orally as soon as possible after unprotected sexual intercourse. The drug purchased at the pharmacy should be used in the dosage indicated in the package insert, after carefully reading the package insert. This is due to the fact that there are differences in use between drug brands. Some drugs are effective when used as a single pill after intercourse, while others are used as two doses. Another issue that needs to be considered regarding effectiveness is that emergency contraception drugs can interact with the use of some other drugs and herbal supplements. Caution is advised, especially since the use of barbiturates or St. John's wort can significantly reduce the effectiveness of morning-after pills.
There are various situations in which the use of emergency contraception drugs is inconvenient. People with similar allergies to medicines in people who developed serious liver disease before signalling factor, pregnant women and the effect use in conjunction with various drugs interact with liver enzymes in the booster due to the use of these drugs is considered to be objectionable. The use of drugs containing levonorgestrel during lactation may result in the transfer of this active substance into milk. However, due to the low rate of transfer to milk, the use of drugs with this active ingredient is generally considered safe.

How Many Days is the Morning-After Pill Effective?
The recommended practice for the use of morning-after pills with the active ingredient levonorgestrel is to take 1.5 milligram oral tablets no later than within the first 72 hours. Medications that some people use due to various other health problems can have a lowering effect on the effectiveness of the drug by increasing the excretion of levonorgestrel from the liver. In these people, if deemed necessary by the physicians, the dose to be taken can be increased to 2 times and applied as 3 milligrams. Factor signalling antibiotics rifampicin, St. John's wort, carbamazepine or phenobarbital, especially because of the effect such as antiseizure drugs, drugs that increase excretion from the liver pills contain levonorgestrel factor signalling the next day.

How Does the Morning-After Pill Provide Protection?
The morning-after pill, which should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex, prevents the occurrence of unexpected pregnancy thanks to the hormone progesterone in its content. For the formation of pregnancy, the sperm cell must fertilize the egg, which is waiting ready here when it reaches the fallopian tubes, one of the organs of the female reproductive system. A sperm cell that can remain viable in a woman's body for about 2 days can also create pregnancy by fertilizing an egg if ovulation occurs within 2 days after reaching the fallopian tubes. However, the morning-after pill taken after unprotected sex delays ovulation due to the high amount of hormones it contains. Even if the egg is fertilized by sperm in the fallopian tubes, with the use of the morning-after pill, it prevents the formation of pregnancy by preventing the thickening of the intrauterine wall, which allows the embryo to attach to the uterus.
The situations in which emergency contraception drugs can be used to prevent unwanted pregnancies can be summarized as follows:
* Condom rupture
* Skipping the regularly used contraceptive method
* Doubts about the adequacy of the current method of contraception, depending on other drugs used
* After unprotected sexual intercourse
* After sexual assault
The protection provided by the morning-after pill is considered to be quite high, especially in the pre-ovulation period, which is expressed as preovulation. The reason for this condition is that these drugs can also prevent the passage of sperm cells to the area where the egg cell is located by increasing the secretions in the cervix (cervix) area.

What Are the Side Effects of the Morning-After Pill?
The morning-after pill is quite effective in preventing the occurrence of unplanned pregnancies. The success rate of the drug, which provides maximum protection when taken immediately after unprotected intercourse, decreases as time passes after sexual intercourse. The morning-after pill, which contains a high dose of the hormone progesterone to prevent pregnancy, can lead to many side effects when used as a contraceptive method. In addition, even with a single use, it can cause symptoms such as menstrual irregularity, nausea and vomiting. Menstrual irregularities that will occur depending on the type of drug used may occur in the form of Deceleration and prolongation of the cycle or the formation of spotting between menstrual periods. In the event that a person vomits in the first 2 hours after taking the drug, the drug may not have a protective effect. If the complaints arising due to the use of medication continue, the nearest health facility should be contacted.

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