Page Detail

For what diseases are antidepressants used?

For what diseases are antidepressants used?* Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder: They are people who have obsessive thoughts and movements that disturb the person.

They may do some repetitive movements to temporarily get rid of their obsessive thoughts. Such as the disease of cleanliness, the disease of symmetry, the alignment from large to small...
* Those with generalized anxiety disorder: People are constantly worried in a way that is not appropriate for the situation they are experiencing. Issues of concern can be related to money, work, health and family. They often think about the most negative outcome. There doesn't have to be a reason for these thoughts. Anxiety thoughts persist for at least 6 months.
* Those who experience post-traumatic stress disorder: It is a state of extreme anxiety that develops after very stressful, sad and frightening life events such as, Serious traffic accidents, sexual assault, robbery, long-term sexual abuse, witnessing violent deaths, terrorist attacks, earthquakes
* Patients with long-lasting chronic pain
How does an antidepressant work?
Antidepressants work by increasing the level of chemicals in the brain, such as serotonin and norepinephrine. These substances are called neurotransmitters. The mentioned chemical substances have a mood-improving effect on a person. Antidepressant drugs also reduce pain signals sent from the brain. For this reason, andidepressants are also used in the treatment of chronic pain. Since antidepressants do not eliminate the cause of depression, they should be used in conjunction with psychotherapy.
How effective are antidepressants?
Most people benefit from antidepressants. While not very effective in mild cases of depression, it is quite useful in severe cases of depression.
How to use antidepressants?
Antidepressants are sold in the form of oral medication. Physicians initially start with a low dose. Usually the benefits appear no earlier than a week after regular use. Sometimes this effect can also begin after 2-3 weeks. Initially mild side effects may develop tolerance over time. if no benefit has been observed after 4 weeks of use, it may be necessary to change the drug or increase the dose. Usually, treatment for depression can last up to 6 months. However, there are also people who need to take medication for life. It is inconvenient not to skip doses in depression medications, but to take forgotten doses together.
What are the side effects of antidepressants?
Different antidepressants have different side effects. Most of the side effects disappear after a week of use. If the side effects are very severe, it is necessary to inform the physician. The side effects of each antidepressant are written on the drug package insert. Generally observed side effects:
* Initially, patients may feel even more anxious.
* Indigestion and stomach pains
* Diarrhea or constipation
* Loss of appetite
* Overeating
* Decrease in sexual desire
* Difficulty having an orgasm
* Erection problems in men
* Dry mouth
* Blurred vision
* Excessive sweating
* Urination problems
* Symptoms due to loss of salt from the body
* Suicidal thoughts: Rarely, patients taking antidepressants may initially have suicidal thoughts. Especially young people under the age of 25 are at risk. When this symptom occurs, it is necessary to inform the doctor and the patient's close circle. This side effect disappears over time.
The side effects listed above are not seen in every antidepressant. Antidepressants are divided into groups according to the chemical substance they contain and the mechanism of action. In addition, side effects are not expected to occur in every patient.

We are happy to provide solutions to your health problems.

Make an apointment