Croup is experienced more in boys than in girls. Especially in the first days of the disease, the contagiousness rate is high. Therefore, if there are other children in the house, it is necessary to be cautious. It concerns the vocal cord region in the foreground, which holds the larynx circumference, and the narrowest region of the airway just below the vocal cords. Up to 75 percent of croup cases are caused by the parainfluenza virus, which is common in the autumn months. Croup rarely occurs in adults. Adults overcome croup disease more easily than children.
What Are the Symptoms of Croup Disease?
The symptoms of croup are mild, resembling a cold at the beginning of the disease, but become more uncomfortable as time goes on. The child wakes up from sleep at night with a sudden, barking, rough cough. A typical sound is heard during breathing, the voice is hoarse, hoarse and coarsened. When children with croup cry, they make a high-pitched and muffled sound. The child has difficulty breathing, rapid breathing, restlessness, bruising around the mouth, lips and nails. The lymph nodes may swell and redness may appear in these areas. The presence of fire is not necessary. Symptoms are usually aggravated at night when the child is in a lying position. Symptoms are usually aggravated at night when the child is in a lying position and at night. Children with croup may develop an ear infection and pneumonia. 85 percent of croup cases are mild to moderate, while 5-10 percent of patients require hospital treatment. Croup is a medical emergency.
How Is Croup Transmitted?
The factors that cause croup disease in children are usually transmitted in crowded places, such as kindergarten, school. When the patient coughs or sneezes in the environment, the droplets scatter into the air and the disease passes from one child to others. Another transmission of croup occurs by direct contact.
Conditions that may require hospitalization:
* Difficulty breathing,
* Cramped and wheezing breathing,
* High fever,
* Barking-style cough,
* Hoarseness / coarsening of the voice,
* Bruising on the skin and nails,
* Withdrawal in the chest wall.
How is Croup Treatment Done?
So how is croup treatment done? Viral croup does not require antibiotic therapy. It is usually important to apply cold steam for 20-30 minutes in the treatment. Because cold air reduces swelling in the vocal cords, making it easier for the child to breathe. For the application of cold steam, a steam device is used. If there is no steam device, it will also be relaxing to open the window on cool nights and breathe in the outside air, or to open the freezer door and breathe in the cold air that comes out. To facilitate the child's breathing, his head should be raised when lying down. In addition, since shortness of breath will increase during crying, it is necessary to try to keep the child in a calm and quiet environment. Keeping the child upright can also help him relax.
On the recommendation of a physician, corticosteroids are prescribed for treatment; if there is a fever, antipyretics can be used. Providing abundant fluid intake; it will be appropriate to consume liquids such as linden, mint, sage tea, chamomile tea. The treatment of bacterial croup is like the treatment of viral croup. It is also necessary to use antibiotics. Intensive care treatment may be required in severe bacterial croup.
How Long Does Croup Disease Last?
Croup can last Decently from 5 to 6 days, depending on the severity of the infection. after 5-6 days, the disease is relieved, but it may take a few more days for the cough to completely pass.
Prevention of Croup Disease
There is a high probability that the croup will recur. But if a child often suffers from croup, it is necessary to investigate problems caused by allergies or reflux. It is important to keep the child away from sick people, to acquire the habit of washing hands at an early age.
If there are other children in the house besides the sick child, not keeping them in the same environment with the sick child reduces the likelihood of transmission of the disease to other children. In addition to keeping children apart from each other, being meticulous about hygiene also prevents the transmission of discomfort to other members of the family. If the child is going to school, it is right not to send him to school during the period of illness, both in terms of preventing the spread of the disease and ensuring that the child overcomes the disease more comfortably.
Ways to Relieve Children With Croup Problems
Lay her down with a high pillow to make her more comfortable at night,
* Keep the environments in the house moist,
• Do not forget to regularly ventilate the room in which it is located,
* Try to ensure that he does not cry when he is struggling with croup, because crying makes it difficult for him to breathe,
* Make him drink water regularly,
* Absolutely do not smoke inside the house,
• Stay away from your child if you experience health problems such as flu and colds,
* Do not use things such as room odor, deodorant, perfume,
• Take care that he takes vitamins in his diet, keep in mind that the homemade soups you will prepare will also relax him,
* Do not wear clothes that tightly wrap your body, which will make it difficult for you to breathe