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What is sputum?

What is sputum?The type of mucus that protects the lungs and lower respiratory tract is called sputum.

It acts as a filter to remove unwanted substances and bacteria that enter the body through breathing, ensuring that these areas are moistened. The distinctive natural color of sputum, consisting of antibodies, water, protein and some salts, is clear and clear. Especially the sputum produced by the lungs is expelled with a cough. Discharge from the stomach, nasal discharge, and sinus discharge are not considered sputum, and sputum does not normally constitute a dangerous condition. However, when it is secreted in high amounts, it may have an occlusive effect on the respiratory tract.

What causes sputum?
When the lungs are damaged, they produce an excessive amount of sputum. Sputum formation is common in newborn babies. Since the respiratory tract and lungs of babies are not fully developed, they are very easily irritated by exposure to dust, foreign substances and microbes. The accumulated germs cause nasal congestion, mucus accumulation in the nose and irritation of the respiratory tract, causing a cough with phlegm in infants.

* Asthma: The respiratory system of asthma patients is extremely sensitive to environmental pollution and allergens. This sensitivity leads to an easy inflammation of the respiratory tract and increased sputum production.
* Cystic Fibrosis: This disease, which usually occurs in children and young adults, is genetic and causes an increase in sputum in the lung.
* Congestive Heart Failure: The disease, which causes a decrease in the heart's ability to pump blood, causes an increase in sputum and shortness of breath.
* Pulmonary Embolism: Sputum that develops due to vascular obstruction in the lungs is usually bloody and life-threatening.
* Lung Cancer: Lung cancer, which is characterized by an excessive amount of sputum and intense coughing, is also the threshold for fatigue and weight loss.
* Pneumoconiosis: In the disease, which is considered an occupational disease, tissue damage develops due to the accumulation of dust in the lungs and sputum is formed.
* Lung Abscess: Sputum occurs in an infectious disease that forms a cavity filled with pus in the lung.
* Lung Fungus: The most important symptom of the disease caused by fungal seeds that settle in the respiratory system is sputum.
• In addition to these diseases, sputum also occurs in the lower respiratory tract, such as bronchitis, bronchiolitis, bronchiectasis, pneumonia October and COPD.
How is sputum treatment?
Sputum, which is a natural part of my respiratory system, should definitely be checked by a specialist when it increases to a level that will affect daily life.  Especially if the color of the sputum is brown, red, black or foamy, it can be a harbinger of a serious health problem. Sputum treatment is also carried out according to the cause, as with all other diseases. In order to determine the direction of treatment, sputum samples are taken and infections that cause sputum are investigated in a laboratory environment. Antibiotic treatment is performed for sputum that develops due to bacterial infections, while allergy-controlled drugs are prescribed for sputum that develops due to allergies. In addition to these, expectorant syrups and medications that thin the consistency of sputum and ensure its elimination from the lungs may be given. Treatment, depending on the type of disease and at what stage it is, plays an important role in preventing sputum.

How to get rid of sputum?
Expectorant natural treatments We can list the alternative solutions to the question of how to remove phlegm as follows:
• you can mix 1 teaspoon of rock salt or Himalayan salt in 1 cup of warm water and gargle with it.
* You can massage eucalyptus oil into the chest area and wrap it with cheesecloth to allow the oil to penetrate the pores thoroughly.
* Because dry air causes the sputum in the lungs to solidify, you can buy a humidification device at home or place a bowl of water on the heating honeycombs.
* By drinking plenty of water, you can help soften and remove the solidified sputum.
• While taking a shower with hot water, you can inhale the steam for 5-10 minutes and take deep breaths by dripping mint or eucalyptus oil into a bowl of hot water.
• You can drink it by adding 1 tablespoon of lemon juice to a glass of warm water. In addition to its high vitamin C content, lemon is also a very good expectorant.
• You can prepare tea by boiling ginger and turmeric tea with black pepper and red pepper grains.
* Honey, which has anti-bacterial properties, is also a very good expectorant. You can add honey to your herbal teas.

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